By Fran Somers
As a child, Jane Cooper laid in her bed on misty nights and listened to the deep bellow of the Point Betsie foghorn. Two blasts every 30 seconds, answered by the Frankfort foghorn. The comforting sound lulled many in the CSA to sleep. Until 1974, that is, when the foghorn was dismantled and sold off in pieces.
Now Jane is the CSA archivist and she’s been searching everywhere for a recording of that foghorn. She wants it for the movie she’s creating for next year’s History Night (Aug. 4, 2023). The event is usually held every four years, but Covid sidelined it in 2000 and 2021, and the archival team needed this year to prepare.
“Because it will have been seven years since the last History Night, there will be many people who have never been to one,” Jane said last week. “We plan to focus on being sure that the things people expect to see—Catherine Stebbins’ albums, operetta pictures, memorabilia from the dining hall and lodge—are in good shape.”
The Stebbins albums are a prized possession. Stebbins took photos as a teen of the earliest CSA gatherings in tents. Later, as the first CSA archivist, Stebbins put her photos into albums for everyone to enjoy. The photo-documenting tradition was continued by others, including Jane’s father, and then Jane, after her father died.
But the movie could be a new fan favorite. Jane is sorting through hundreds of photos taken by her father, her own stockpile, and oral history team photos to create a video slide show with audio of familiar local sounds. Jane hopes the movie will “tickle the memory.”
Loren Weiss, the Communications and Archives assistant, is cooking up a “Then/Now” exhibit of local landmarks that can be added to year after year.
Being an archivist means thinking about the future as much as the past.
“We’re in a transitional period. For History Night, we’ll be putting out the operetta albums that go back decades, but in 20 years, will people want to come back and see digital pictures?” Jane commented. Digital is the only way to survive when you are a small museum with limited space. Within two days of the Children’s Operetta, Jane began cataloging the many digital photos that were submitted. She plans to print a selection for a physical album; the rest will be cataloged digitally.
All of the CSA’s history—hundreds of photos, 70 oral histories dating to 1980’s, playbills, legal opinions, back copies of the Assembly News, and more--live in Pilgrim Place, the modest cottage near the Woods tennis courts. The building that once housed the laundry facilities for the Assembly lodge, now holds hundreds of objects and tens of thousands of digital items. Two groups regularly meet there, and a handful of visitors stop by weekly looking for old operetta photos, plat maps to resolve property disputes, minutes from a meeting on a controversial subject, or just to browse.
“Almost all of the albums and cottage histories are digitized now,” Jane said. She’s able to print out research for someone on their cottage or minutes from meetings from the early years. “The middle part of Assembly history still needs to be digitized.”
She’s still researching the best software to recommend to the board that will make access to the digital records more widely available. Privacy is the biggest stumbling block.
Jane comes to this work naturally--she’s a consummate record-keeper. Every day, she records the air temperature at her cottage, and she or her brother, Bob, take the temperature of Crystal Lake. For the record, “As a general rule, the lake gets warmer sooner and stays warmer longer than it used to.”
But she was lassoed into committee work. “I was pushing a baby carriage and Rachel Murmann came running out of her cottage. She asked would I be president of the Women’s Association next year. I’d never even been to a coffee,“ Jane laughed.
It’s been non-stop CSA volunteer work since then, resulting in a Citation for Long and Valued Service to the Assembly in 2013.
“I’ve never been able to come up and just be here,” Jane says. “I’ve always had friends who sleep in and go out to lunch, then lie on the beach. That sounds really nice . . . and I never would enjoy doing that.”
She joined the CSA choir at 12. Began working in the Assembly dining hall at 15, then worked in the office. Got married, had two kids, earned an advanced degree, had a demanding career in management development, and in retirement has kept busy on boards and alumni associations in Ann Arbor. This is a person who swam across Crystal Lake three times, the last time at age 71. She would never read a book during the day because that seems too indulgent, but she will allow herself to needlepoint at night while listening to an audio book and watching a sporting event with the sound off.
Now 83, she worries about overstaying. “I’m trying to think of someone who would be a reasonable heir apparent. I do believe in succession planning.” And she wants to ensure future generations appreciate the CSA.
“I really like the thought that we’re maintaining the old traditions of the Assembly. I worry kids don’t learn history, they don’t go to museums. I want it to be a place that makes them feel connected so they’ll want to carry on that knowledge to the future.
“Last week a longtime CSA member said her grandchildren wanted to see Pilgrim Place,” Jane said. “They asked wonderful things like, ‘why did the railroad stop having trains come here? What was it like when the lodge was here? Why isn’t it still here?”
A few weeks earlier, Jane had given a talk at St. Andrews Church in Beulah and attendees had asked the same questions. “Places like the Assembly popped up all over the Midwest. Most that survived are just resorts; they aren’t a community,” she explained.
“How do you make it something that’s attractive and desirable to young people now without preaching that it’s very special, so they don’t just want it to be an Airbnb? I think archives play a very important part.”
October is American Archives Month. Does Jane have any special requests?
“I’d like people who are thinking about archives to find one example of how they can put themselves into the history that’s represented at the archives. For example, someone might have lived at the lodge, someone took tennis lessons from Lysle Butler, or understand how it is to start an adventure like the Assembly, have a vision for it and see how close they can come in 100 years to having that vision still be valid.”
Or maybe you could just find her a nice recording of the Point Betsie foghorn.
Pilgrim Place is open from 10 a.m. to noon Wednesdays or by appointment. Email Jane at .
Assistants to the archivist are Nancy Gosnell Gillett, Carol Nethercut Edmonds, and Judy Dawley.
By Loren Weiss
As the end of the CSA summer season draws near, so does the last of their three-concert series, the Armstrong concert. Headlined by brother-sister duo Matt and Cristin J. Hubbard, the concert will feature vocal and piano performances with features from Judy Kabodian on piano and Adam Ahrens on guitar. The duo and their fellow artists will be performing on Saturday, August 6th at 7:30pm in the Meeting House.
Twins Matt and Cristin both have extensive individual musical careers and skill sets that they have been honing for decades, making their reconnection as a musical duo even more inspiring. Cristin has performed on Broadway as Madame Giry in Phantom of the Opera as well as in the original company of The Pirate Queen, and she is a vocal teacher, actress, and artistic director located in Seattle. Matt has recorded and produced numerous albums with Willie Nelson in Austin, TX and plays the keyboard, trombone, and harmonica. He has worked with a variety of industry experts and contributed to the nomination of Nelson’s “Rainbow Connection” and “Run That By Me One More Time,” both of which were nominated for the Country Album of the Year Grammy award. Both siblings attended Oberlin College in Ohio, and their program aims to showcase both their shared beginnings and their own individual experiences in the arts.
As longtime CSA members, the duo has a deep connection with the Assembly, making this concert an even more significant way of connecting the two of them with their roots. They would like to dedicate their program to the memory of their father, Bob Hubbard, who supported both of them throughout their musical and artistic ventures.
The concert is free and open to the public, and the program is listed below:
- Skylark Hoagy Carmichael
- Much More Harvey Schmidt & Tom Jones The Fantasticks
- Moments In the Woods Stephen Sondheim Into the Woods
- I’d Rather Be Sailing William Finn A New Brain
- Migratory V Adam Guettel Myths & Hymns
- I Belong Here Jerry Herman The Grand Tour
- Anytime William Finn Elegies
- Grandpa's Piano Matt Hubbard
- Robert's Rumba Matt Hubbard
- Lift Me Up Matt Hubbard
- Going Down Slow Louis Jimmy Oden
- Weaver Finch Adam Ahrens
- Wayfaring Stranger Traditional
- Blue Eyes Crying in the Rain Fred Rose
- Both Sides Now Joni Mitchell
- Diamond in the Rough Shawn Colvin
- April Come She Will Paul Simon
- By My Side John-Michael Tebelak & Stephan Schwartz Godspell
- I'm Going to Go Back There Someday Paul Williams & Kenny Ascher The Muppet Movie
By Loren Weiss
If there’s anything that performers around the globe have learned in the past two years, it’s that pandemics and performances don’t exactly mesh well. Thousands of concerts, plays, and art showings were delayed or canceled as questions about the COVID-19 pandemic rose unanswered, and for the years of 2020 and 2021, it seemed as if there would be no answer to them. The CSA was no exception to this consequence of the virus; social distancing and other safety measures created a tension around indoor activities, and it was almost without question - the 2020 production of Beauty and the Beast would have to be postponed.
The operettas have been a fundamental part of CSA culture ever since the first Children’s Operetta, The Snow Queen, in 1931. With each new director came a different approach to the musicals; before our current volunteer team of director Judy Rodes, producer Molly Harrison, and musical director Marilyn Winter, the charismatic Steve Elrick was directing and acting in the shows. Countless roadblocks have arisen throughout the years, but giving up isn’t the CSA way, and the volunteers and community have always found a way to make ends meet. “One year Steve Elrick and I were casting, and we didn’t have enough men,” Judy reminisces with a laugh. “We heard that somebody in Beulah at the ice cream store sang, so we went over and said Hey, can you be in this show? So, you know, it’s always been like that.” Whether it was casting shortages, copyright claims, or some other strange circumstance, they had it handled - but, well, a global pandemic is a considerable cause for a different approach.
Even in its beginning talks in 2018, CSA’s Beauty and the Beast was no normal operetta, making its postponement even more discouraging. To produce and put on an official showing of a non-original play or musical, the directing team has to pay royalties to the owners in order to legally use the music, script, and premise in their own production. This alone is a very costly process and a big commitment, so the decision for the Assembly to put on the show was a big one. Also, since Beauty and the Beast is such a recognizable title, Judy, Molly, and Marilyn wanted to make sure it was done right - and done well. Now, with the show four years in the making, everyone with a part in the production is prepared, excited, and ready.
Another thing that made Beauty and the Beast different is that since it was originally planned for 2020, the principal roles were cast in the summer of 2019, in order for the cast members to connect with their characters. A few of the castings were revealed in a sneak peek video created in 2020, with Dave Johnson as Lumiere, Greg Abbey as Gaston, Katherine Barbour as Belle, Joe Perrino as The Beast, and Shannon Wise as Mrs. Potts.
Katherine Barbour recounts how the stressors in her work life got more and more relevant as each summer passed; “It’s every girl’s dream to be Belle. I was having a fight with myself because I didn’t know what I was doing next summer. I thought that I might be going to graduate school… but you know what, I made a commitment. This show is something I want to do, and the directors want me to do; it’s something that I’d love, and I knew it would be an amazing experience.” Maggie Swetland was cast on July 29th this year to play Chip as the final touch to the principal cast, and the ensemble came together on August 1st, solidifying their promise to themselves: the show would go on.
The delay, though unfortunate, hasn’t been all bad; Molly coordinates between the set design team led by Gary and Judy Dawley and the production team, and the extra two summers gave them more time to finalize, construct, and reutilize the appropriate set pieces. Most of the principal actors also had much more time than usual to settle into their roles and connect to the story. Best of all, the news of this resilient show and its cast members has excited everyone in the CSA community and surrounding areas. After two years without these performances, the Congregational Summer Assembly is back and ready to show their audiences what they’re made of. The show will take place on August 12th and 13th at 7:30pm in the Meeting House. We hope to see you there - and that you’ll be our guest!
By Loren Weiss
The Congregational Summer Assembly’s second summer concert of 2022, the Burrows-Getz Concert, features an Interlochen performance group composed of five experienced brass players and musical educators. The quintet will perform at the CSA in the Burrows-Getz Concert on Saturday, July 30th at 7:30pm in the Meeting House.
The group is led by Tom Riccobono, Interlochen professor and conductor of the Benzie Symphony Orchestra, who makes appearances in multiple orchestras both nationwide and internationally. Their members are all remarkable; Vince DiMartino is a famed trumpet performer, educator, and jazz artist, and has performed across the U.S. as lead and solo trumpet since graduation from the Eastman School of Music in 1972. Gabriel DiMartino, his son, is also well-established in the field, with his extensive educational experience leading to demand for his performances as a recitalist and touring artist. Justin Phillips is a freelance performer and teacher with multiple degrees in horn performance and education, and David Zerkel is a distinguished professor/performing artist of Tuba and Euphonium with teaching experience spanning over 20 years as well as appearances with many symphony orchestras.
The concert is free and open to the public, and the program is listed below:
- Escape, Kevin McKee
- Shepherd’s Hey, Percy Aldridge Grainger, arr. David Stanhope
- Rondo, from Concerto No. 2 for Horn, by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
- La Reine D’Amour, John Philip Sousa, arr. John M. Laverty
- Centone No. 5, Samuel Scheidt, trans. Verne Reynolds
- Suite Impromptu, Andrew LaFosse
- Moderato e un poco rubato
- Allegro risoluto
- Suite from the Monteregian Hills, Morley Calvert
- Quintet No. 3, Victor Ewald
- Simple Gifts, Traditional
- Killer Tango, Sonny Kompanek
- Misty, arr. Bill Holcombe
- Prelude To Act 1 & Habañera from Carmen Georges Bizet
- The Royal Garden Blues, arr. Jack Gale
By Alan Marble
At least, that is what my dog Goose tells me, as he surreptitiously crunches down on yet another dried dead fish off the Lake Michigan beach. Goose is one of our two Labrador retrievers. He is going on 11, and, while his hearing is just fine, he has reached that stage of life where he gets to choose which commands to obey. The first command we teach our pups is, “Leave it!” Translated, that means whatever the pup is doing, or eating or even thinking, stop it right now. With Goose, not so much.
The aforementioned dead fish are alewives, singularly alewife. Like potato chips, of which it is said that you can’t eat just one, you don’t have just one dead alewife on the beach. You have a bunch. More on that in a minute.
Talk about unintended consequences; the human race sure knows how to leap-before-it-looks.
An important industrial milestone was achieved in the early 20th century when the Welland Canal was completed, linking the Atlantic Ocean and the upper Great Lakes. Shipping bolstered the economy of cities from Duluth to New York, and many points in between.
Along with the ore freighters, however, came a couple of marine invaders which began establishing themselves in Lakes Huron and Michigan. Relatively small in stature, these fish made up for their size with their amazing ability to reproduce themselves. Enter the alewife and the lamprey eel.
Anadromous in their native Atlantic Ocean, lampreys and alewives evolved to live in saltwater and breed in freshwater. The lack of a saltwater source was of no importance, however, as they adapted to living and spawning in freshwater. Unseen as they moved into the upper Great Lakes, they found themselves in vast inland seas, a sterile and largely lifeless aquatic environment. Commercial fishing for lake trout in the 1940’s was lucrative, and in 1945 a record haul of 6.5 million pounds of lakers went from Lake Michigan to fish markets throughout the eastern half of the country. Ten years later, they were all but gone. The Department of Conservation (now the Department of Natural Resources), utilized 1,400 miles of gill nets to sample the lake trout population. Those miles yielded a measly 8 lake trout. For all intents and purposes, lake trout had been extirpated from Lake Michigan.
Unregulated commercial fishing rang the bell, and the lamprey eels delivered the knock-out blow. As unlovely as any creature in our lakes, the lamprey eel is not a true eel, but a jawless fish that has a circle of rasping teeth which burrow through the soft skin of lake trout and related species of fish. The suction action keeps them attached to their hosts as they secrete an enzyme into the wound to prevent coagulation. Over the course of 18 months of adult life, the average lamprey kills 40 to 50 trout and salmon. They spawn in the spring, in rivers such as the Platte, and die, as do all Pacific salmon.
With the top-line predators all but eliminated, the alewives took over. Spawning in huge numbers, with few fish around to dine on them, their population took on staggering proportions. The Department of Conservation estimated that, in 1965, alewives comprised 90% of the biomass of Lake Michigan, at the incredible weight of 5 to 6 billion pounds. Let’s use a checklist here:
A. Huge numbers of alewives. Check
B. No one home to eat alewives. Check
C. Alewives are a small relative of ocean herring, are bony, skinny, oily and taste awful (unless you are a salmonid). Check
D. DDT, widespread throughout the state for insect control, all but eliminated our common fish-eating coastal birds (tern species, gull species, mergansers) by interfering with calcium formation in their eggs, leading to totally failed nests. Check
So, what to do? Mother Nature, who is highly effective when she is taking care of population balance issues, is unfortunately ruthless and messy. Die-offs of millions upon millions of alewives began in the 1960’s and stretched into the 70’s. Piles 8 feet high of dead fish stank up the place, and coastal communities turned to bulldozing and burning huge numbers of dead fish. The peak die-off occurred in 1967. With an alewife population estimated at 5 billion fish, given an alewife’s 5-year life-cycle, you have a billion fish dying each year. Given the fact that Lake Michigan’s prevailing winds are southwesterly and northwesterly…well, you get the point. Add to that huge numbers of young alewives still coming through the canal, and others hatching in natural reproduction. It began an incredible cycle generating millions of fish with massive die-offs, without an end in sight.
The truly amazing story of what happened next is for another day. In a nutshell, the Department of Conservation introduced coho salmon from Oregon into tributary streams. Dow Chemical of Midland, MI, donated thousands of hours of testing and developed what came to be the gold standard of pesticides, which killed the larvae of lampreys without affecting the surrounding aquatic flora and fauna. The 660,000 smolt coho salmon (5 inches in length), planted in the Platte River and Bear Creek in the spring of 1967 ventured forth into a target-rich environment. Biologists (and everybody else) held their breath and waited. Eighteen months later, in September of 1967, those little salmon did just what they were supposed to do; return to the streams in which they were planted. In that time those salmon grew from perhaps 2 ounces to 20 pounds, gorging on alewives. They all spawned in the rivers, and died, as do all Pacific salmon species.
Alewives, nearly a hundred years later, are now part of our Great Lakes. They are the primary forage fish for the even larger Chinook salmon, which have largely replaced coho salmon (live longer, get bigger, easier to raise in hatcheries, more successful in natural reproduction). The current die-off, which is two months in duration and still going on, is “normal” but also alarming to DNR fisheries personnel. The dying fish are smaller (younger) on average compared to die-offs of 10 years ago. The die-off is also larger than recent die-offs. Sport fishermen are seeing huge schools of what are believed to be alewives on their onboard sonar screens.
What’s next? Hard to say. It’s sort of like what they say about Michigan’s weather…stick around, it is bound to change.
By Fran Somers
What you need to know about the new CSA tennis coach is this: After a long day of teaching tennis, he likes nothing better than to watch re-runs of Wimbledon.
Steve Shreiner—the No. 2 ranked USTA player for men’s doubles in his age group—really loves the game. Steve isn’t new-new to the CSA. He coached tennis here for four years in the 1980’s, and for 27 years at Crystal Downs Country Club.
“I’ve always hustled tennis balls,” Steve says. “I learned to play tennis on the CSA courts at age 7. My grandparents had a cottage near Lake Michigan, and I’d hit the ball against the backboards on those courts, then ride my bike to tennis and swimming lessons.”
Steve was lucky to be taught by Oberlin College coaching legend Lysle Butler as a kid at the CSA, and then to cross paths with him at Oberlin because his high school team used Oberlin’s courts. After graduating from Miami University in Ohio, Steve taught American history in Cincinnati, and coached at the local racquet club. He and his wife Wanda raised a few tennis players of their own, and after retiring, Steve and doubles partner Howard Ames began playing in USTA tournaments.
Steve, 73, downplays his wins, but there are trophies and purses. His most cherished tennis moment, however, was when he and his son, Brent, qualified for the father-son division of the US Open in 1988. They “went a few rounds” but mostly loved the spectacle of seeing the pros play and the camaraderie with CSA friends who came to cheer them on. Of course he did have to ask Jim Buzzell, the managing director, for the time off. “He said, ‘Go have fun, but it will come out of your pay.’ ”
The kids and adults who attend tennis lessons at the CSA this year will get a lesson that Steve’s favorite player excels at: never giving up. “Rafael Nadal never gives up, even if he’s way behind.” Nadal was forced to withdraw from the Wimbledon quarterfinals on July 7 after tearing an abdominal muscle, but Steve admires his willingness to fight for every point. “He stuck it out for over four hours. He’s just a great sportsman.”
That’s a message Steve would like everyone to take to heart. “My serve, my forehand, my backhand—they’re nothing special. But when I get knocked down, I get back up. Even if I lose, I can accept it.”
A friend once estimated that Steve has hit a tennis ball more than 8 million times. That could explain the shoulder he blew out 13 years ago—his only serious tennis injury. For anyone looking for a less strenuous game, Steve is not opposed to pickleball. “It’s wonderful for some people. I teach it sparingly because I’m a tennis purist, but I appreciate that pickleball is social and still good exercise.”
For those sticking with the big court, here are Steve’s five tips to improve your game:
- Move your feet
- Don’t over-hit; it’s about keeping the ball in play, not hitting hard
- Watch better players
- Compete so you can focus and see where you’re at
- Practice, practice, practice
“I watch good tennis, it makes me want to improve. The day that I can’t improve, I better put my racket down.” Will that day ever come? “I don’t know when I’m going to retire. It’s sooner than later, but I will keep doing it because I enjoy sharing the game with other people.”
Rounding out the coaching staff with Tennis Manager Steve Shreiner are Noah Buntain, Jon Blessing, assistant tennis manager, Caitlin Siles, Avery Leete, and two of Steve’s grandchildren: Olivia Kockaya and Hannah Shreiner (not pictured).
The CSA Forest
By Evan Hammon and The Ecology Committee
Within the one-mile stretch of the Congregational Summer Assembly between Lake Michigan and Crystal Lake exists some of the oldest living trees in Benzie County. These trees have created a variety of micro-ecosystems, making the Assembly grounds a rare find in the state of Michigan. The CSA forest consists mostly of sugar maple and beech trees. It is evident that some of the hilly areas were left untouched when logging crews came through in the early 1900s. Whatever areas were logged have experienced a hearty comeback. The forest, however, is aging, and while it is doing a good job of growing the next generation, climate change, diseases and pests, deer, invasive plants, tree fall, erosion and development are affecting this unique habitat. Maintaining a healthy understory will ensure that when the old giants do meet their end, others in the understory will be there to take their places. The CSA grounds are a matrix of private and common properties. The majority of CSA land is divided into small privately owned lots. Management of the entirety is a communal effort. Our collective goal as a community is to make sure we are preparing for the future threats by securing a stable landscape. Let’s love our forest, and it will love us back!
Threats to the CSA Forest and Best Practices to Help Mitigate These Threats
Additional information can be found by clicking on the blue links below
Our region is experiencing, and will continue to experience, climate change. The US Forest Service Research Station has published a report describing the effects of changing weather on our region of Michigan. We can expect: higher average seasonal temperatures; more frequent and intense storms; strong wind events; irregular precipitation patterns; less frozen time during winter; changing soil moisture patterns; and tree regeneration complexities. These changes will have a collective unknown impact on our forests, but the best way to avoid irreversible damage, is to diversify the ecological composition of the woodlands. The threat of climate change stresses plants and wildlife. Stress conditions lead to weakened trees, difficulty for seedlings to reach maturity, lack of food available for animals, and diseases and non-native pests establishing with greater ease.
Diseases and Pests
Forest ecosystems in Northwest Lower Michigan have sustained high levels of tree damage and mortality due to the Emerald Ash Borer, Beech Bark Disease, and Oak Wilt. Hemlock Woolly Adelgid has been steady moving up the western coast of Michigan. To date, no cases have been detected at the CSA. Asian-Long Horned Beetle outbreaks border Michigan in Ohio and Illinois. Emerald Ash Borer has already killed over 10% of our forest. Beech Bark Disease has the potential to kill our beeches, which make up 35% of the canopy. Fortunately, the CSA has invested in treating two prominent ashes east of the Meeting House, as well as 54 beeches throughout the woods. Because of the beech’s large canopy, treating them on private property will help maintain a healthy understory, keep nut stocks high, regulate temperatures, and maintain beneficial soil conditions.
- Evaluate, treat, and/or remove diseased trees. To contact a licensed professional to evaluate and treat trees, refer to the Arborists, Foresters, Invasive Species, Landscapers/Nurseries Resources list.
- Diversify with tree species that are unaffected by disease and pests so they can mature and propagate.
A major problem in our forest is deer. Deer have no real predators to limit their population. They browse on almost every plant – wildflowers, shrubs, and tree saplings. Deer-browse reduces plant success and diversity, destroying habitat for insects, birds, and small mammals. It stops tree sapling production and success. When a big tree falls, saplings should be waiting to jump in to fill the space once occupied by the old tree canopy. Unfortunately, the CSA forest has little new growth ready to become the next generation. Instead invasives, such as garlic mustard have established themselves.
- Add netting or fencing around newly planted trees to discourage deer.
Within the CSA, several plots have transformed into invasive species playgrounds. These spaces are overgrown with garlic mustard, nettle, mullen, wood bluegrass, burdock, among other species that have managed to flourish. The decline of these areas is the result of both human activity and natural processes. Humans have cleared stands of trees and their understory, and these areas were not planted or monitored. Nature has provided these tracts with an abundance of sunlight, stimulating seeds that were dormant deep in the soil. The open area creates reduced competition among plant species. The hearty, invasive plants grow quickly, robbing the soil of necessary nutrients for other plants. Mature plants produce huge quantities of seeds that spread to surrounding forests.
- Remove invasive species in the spring/early summer months when the plants are still growing and have yet to reach seed production. Many invasive plants, such as baby’s breath, garlic mustard, and myrtle can be removed without licensing. Others, such as Poa nemoralis (Wood bluegrass) and Japanese knotweed, require professional removal. For more information, see Northwest Michigan Invasive Species Network (ISN), and TOP 12 INVASIVE SPECIES
- Monitor the source of soil brought in for construction projects so that invasive plants are not introduced into the ecosystem.
When an area has had a recent tree fall or planned removal of trees, a large opening the above canopy is created. This occurrence can create problems – dry soil that stresses existing plants. If the ground below is depleted of seeds and plants, it is a recipe for the disastrous impact wrought by invasive plants.
- Remove trees carefully in the winter, protecting other trees and the ground from heavy equipment. During this time trees are dormant, making them unlikely to develop fungus or disease. It is also much easier to see the entirety of the tree to make the most precise cuts.
- When a tree falls, observe the change in the canopy and the impact on the understory. Consider letting the tree lie to provide nutrients and habitat for wildlife. Remove invasive plants. Plant new native seedlings or mature trees or shrubs. Create watering schedules, and monitor the area for new unwanted growth that may advance quickly.
- For more information about how the new trees and shrubs were planted, visit the demonstration plots that have been planted on CSA common grounds. These plots serve as guides for the community to visualize what might be possible.
Erosion and Development
Nutritious soil is important to the wellbeing of plants, wildlife, and buildings. In the CSA forest, a thin layer of topsoil rests upon a sand dune. As weather-related storms come through with increased intensity, they wash away exposed soil. When new roads, septic systems, cottages, or parking spots are added, the soil’s stability is directly altered. Preventing erosion provides support for plants and wildlife, as well as infrastructure.
By Alan Marble
Every summer you catch a story in the news about a horrific accident on US-2 or M-28 in the western UP in which a vehicle, inexplicably, veers across the center line and plows into the ditch or, worse yet, another vehicle. Forensic examination of the people and vehicles involved reveal nothing as to the potential cause of the awful wreck. The accident is written up as “operator error” and left to the archives.
However, I believe I know the cause of these accidents. While this is pure speculation on my part, I have a pretty good idea as to who the culprit is. It isn’t alcohol, or distracted driving while surfing the internet. The culprit is the wood tick. After pulling a tick from one’s dog or one’s own neck while recreating outdoors in the woods, a person develops an instant sensitivity to any soft touch to the hairline or behind the ear. Once you have encountered an engorged grape-like tick, full of your blood or that of your faithful furry friend, your sensitivity is then off the chart. Nightmarish creatures, the ticks. They live patiently awaiting a warm-blooded victim to come just close enough to clamber aboard. They will ride for hours and even days in the cuff of your trousers or the fold of your sweater, creeping with a molasses-like pace towards contact with warm skin. Insidious is an adjective that comes to mind.
Wood tick, American dog tick, one and the same. There are actually five species of ticks which occur in Michigan, but the dog tick and the deer tick are the most common, and most likely to be encountered and to pass on infections. They are not insects, but arachnids, more closely akin to spiders. They have eight legs and hard shells, and live in wooded and grassy areas throughout the state. They are becoming more common, it seems, and more widespread, perhaps in response to the changing climate. They are active in May and on into November in our area.
Ticks lay around in the grass and woods most of the time, bingeing on Netflix while noshing on bonbons and popcorn, or some equivalent anyway. A tick detects a potential host by sensing odor, moisture, movement and simple vibrations. A comical scene occurs in my head, imagining a slow-moving tick trying to head a Labrador off at the pass. Once a tick selects its host, gets a head start and actually scrambles aboard, it selects a suitable location on said host, and begins to bury its mouthparts into the unsuspecting creature.
If undetected by the host, the tick begins the awful process of engorging itself with its victim’s blood, in preparation of breeding and starting all over again. There is something particularly odious about parasites; those freeloaders which are looking for much more than spare change are actually out for blood. If the tick plays its cards right, it fills up and drops off and starts laying eggs. Yuck.
At any stage in this frightful process a human can intervene. If the tick is attached to a beloved human being (including oneself), there is a strong urge to yank it off without thought or ceremony. If attached to one’s pet, the urgency is a bit tempered. In either case, the secret is to use tweezers or one of the many tools specifically designed for the process to grasp or trap the head of the tick as close to the skin as possible and slowly . . . and I mean slowly . . . pull backwards with steady pressure to back the little SOB out, mouth parts and all.
The next step is crucial. If you have a propane torch, ignite the flame and roast the tick. Lacking a torch, use a sledge hammer to crush its tough carapace (unless the tick is engorged with blood, in which case a serious gory mess results). Seriously, though, you want to ensure that this particular creature does not survive to haunt you, your pets or your house.
Along with the prickly revulsion that accompanies a tick bite, there can be serious health consequences. Ticks removed within 12 hours of attachment are highly unlikely to pass on diseases like Lyme disease or Rocky Mountain spotted fever. In any instance of a tick attachment, the affected area needs to be cleaned, disinfected and watched for any sign of major inflammation or characteristic “bullseye”- like circles surrounding the site. If in doubt, consult a physician.
There is a vaccine available for dogs for Lyme disease, and I am told that a major pharmaceutical company is working on a vaccine for humans. There are many topical drug applications for pets which work well in that the drug repels ticks and, if one stays on long enough to attach, the serum kills the attached tick.
There is a world of good information available on ticks and tick-borne illness on the web. Choose your sites for information carefully to ensure you are reading sound scientific and medical information. Click here to see our own Assembly Ecology Committee web page that has more information and resources.
Common sense prevails. During tick season it pays to be vigilant with your loved ones and your furry friends. A quick inspection of outer clothing at days’ end can pay off. There are effective tick repellents available, but the ones which actually work are for application only to outer garments, and not directly to skin. One trick that may actually work is to apply duct tape, sticky-side out, on trousers below the knee. Ticks seem to like to crawl uphill, and will be snared by the tape. If nothing else, the tick(er) tape can indicate if you are indeed in an area with ticks.
If there is an unsung natural hero through all of this, it is the unlovely opossum. Our only native marsupial, these rat-tailed creatures mosey through life at an ungainly gait during twilight and darkness, eating pretty much everything organic which they encounter. This includes ticks and tick eggs. One University of Illinois study indicated that an adult opossum may consume 5,000 ticks per season. Makes me want to pick up one of those guys and plant a big smooch in thanks on its chin, except they always want to play dead when you approach, and that is a little off-putting to me.